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Women Win Primaries in Record Numbers  08/19 11:07

   More women than ever before have won major party primaries for governor, 
U.S. Senate and House this year -- setting a U.S. record and paving the way for 
November battles that could significantly increase the number of women in 
elected office and change the public debate on issues such as health care, 
immigration, abortion rights, education and gun control.

   ATLANTA (AP) -- Women are not just running for office in record numbers this 
year --- they are winning.

   More women than ever before have won major party primaries for governor, 
U.S. Senate and House this year --- setting a U.S. record and paving the way 
for November battles that could significantly increase the number of women in 
elected office and change the public debate on issues such as health care, 
immigration, abortion rights, education and gun control. Some of these 
candidates could also play a pivotal role in whether Democrats are able to take 
control of the U.S. House.

   Most of these female hopefuls are Democrats, some of whom are first-time 
candidates who say their motivation to run sprang from President Donald Trump's 
election and Republican control of Congress. But other developments factor in, 
too. The #MeToo movement. Women's marches. Trump's nomination of conservative 
appeals court Judge Brett Kavanaugh to replace retiring Supreme Court Justice 
Anthony Kennedy.

   "Part of the reason I thought this race was possible, even despite great 
odds, was because of all the women who are so engaged in my community in a new 
way," said Democrat Mikie Sherrill, a former Navy helicopter pilot and federal 
prosecutor who looks to capture a GOP congressional seat in New Jersey.

   Sherrill is one of some 200 women who have won their primaries for U.S. 
House, with 94 of these candidates surviving crowded fields with three or more 
candidates, according to an analysis of election results. Previously, the most 
women who had advanced were 167 in 2016, according to records kept by the 
Center for American Women and Politics at Rutgers University.

   In the Senate, a record 19 women have won their primaries. And for the first 
time, 13 women have been nominated for gubernatorial races in a single election 
year.

   And all these numbers are likely to grow with nine states yet to hold their 
primaries. Rhode Island Gov. Gina Raimondo and U.S. Rep. Gwen Graham of Florida 
are among nine women running for governor who will face primary voters in 
coming weeks. No more than nine women have ever led states at the same time.

   "We are seeing a level of enthusiasm among women voters that we haven't seen 
in a long time," said Democrat Laura Kelly, who is running for governor in 
Kansas and will need women, independents and moderate Republicans in her bid 
against Republican Kris Kobach.

   There are few instances in which women --- in a sense --- have already won. 
For instance, two women will be competing to replace GOP Rep. Steve Pearce in 
New Mexico and the same is happening in races in Pennsylvania, Minnesota and 
Michigan. But overall gains will also be dependent on how well the 71 
congresswomen running for re-election fare in November.

   Success in November will go a long way to improving the nation's dismal 
record of female representation. Currently, women account for just a fifth of 
535 U.S. representatives and senators, and one in four state lawmakers. Six of 
the nation's 50 governors are female. Meanwhile, women comprise slightly more 
than half the U.S. population.

   Women appear to be running strong so far. As of mid-August, some 49 percent 
of women running for the House have advanced to the general election, with 
about 40 percent in the Senate and about 25 percent running for governor, 
according to an analysis of election results.

   But that's no guarantee of victory this fall. Many of the women, 
particularly Democrats, are running in long-held Republican congressional 
districts or states where Republicans have consolidated support.

   One thing women have accomplished already is changing the tone and content 
of campaigns. They bring their children to rallies and some want their campaign 
money to pay for child care so they can run. On this count, Liuba Grechen 
Shirley, the Democratic candidate challenger to Republican Rep. Peter King, has 
succeeded. In May, the Federal Election Commission voted unanimously to allow 
the expenditure.

   "I was told that with two kids, a husband who worked full time and no child 
care, that it was impossible," Grechen Shirley says in an online ad, noting her 
effort to change the policy. "Well, it wasn't impossible. It's just really 
hard."

   Experienced combat veterans running for Congress this year are featuring 
their families in their ads as they speak with authority on national security 
and foreign policy.

   "The old model is a little bit like trying to fit women into the mold of 
male candidates," said Deborah Walsh, director of the Center for American Women 
and Politics at Rutgers University. "Women had a very narrow path that they 
could navigate as candidates: What was appropriate to wear, what was 
appropriate to say. They also were asked: If you win, who is going to take care 
of your children? This is not a question that men are confronted with."

   Beyond gender, these women are poised to usher in a wave of diversity next 
year.

   Michigan will likely send the nation's first Muslim-American woman to 
Congress, after Rashida Tlaib beat a crowded field of Democrats for the 13th 
Congressional District. No Republican is running in November for the heavily 
Democratic seat.

   There are nearly 50 black women running for Congress this year, from 
Democrat Lucy McBath who is challenging GOP Rep. Karen Handel in Georgia to 
Republican Rep. Mia Love's bid for a third term in Utah.

   In Georgia, Stacey Abrams is aiming to become the nation's first black 
female governor while Paulette Jordan would be the first Native American 
governor in U.S. history if she wins her race in Idaho. And Democratic voters 
in Vermont recently selected Christine Hallquist as their nominee, making her 
the first transgender candidate to win a major-party gubernatorial nomination.

   Black women are competing --- and winning --- not only in districts with a 
majority black electorate, but also in diverse districts across the country. 
Each victory is a vote of confidence in their leadership for those who step up, 
said Kimberly Peeler-Allen, co-founder of Higher Heights for America, which 
supports black female candidates and galvanizes black women as voters.

   "In addition to black women wanting to be part of history, people are 
realizing that regardless of what you look like, the leadership of the country 
has been predominantly white and male for far too long," Peeler-Allen said. 
"Seeing the value of having diverse voices around decision-making tables is not 
limited to one demographic group, but includes people who want a more 
reflective democracy."


(KA)

 
 
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