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Cattle on Feed Report                  10/24 14:05

Cattle on Feed

ISSN: 1948-9080

Released October 24, 2014, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

United States Cattle on Feed Down 1 Percent

Cattle and calves on feed for slaughter market in the United States for 
feedlots with capacity of 1,000 or more head totaled 10.1 million head on 
October 1, 2014. The inventory was 1 percent below October 1, 2013. The 
inventory included 6.46 million steers and steer calves, up 1 percent from 
the previous year. This group accounted for 64 percent of the total 
inventory. Heifers and heifer calves accounted for 3.55 million head, down 
3 percent from 2013. 

Placements in feedlots during September totaled 2.01 million, 1 percent above 
2013. Net placements were 1.94 million head. During September, placements of 
cattle and calves weighing less than 600 pounds were 460,000, 600-699 pounds 
were 340,000, 700-799 pounds were 437,000, and 800 pounds and greater were 
770,000. For the month of September, placements are the second lowest since 
the series began in 1996.

Marketings of fed cattle during September totaled 1.68 million, 1 percent 
below 2013. 

Other disappearance totaled 65,000 during September, 5 percent above 2013.

Number of Cattle on Feed, Placements, Marketings, and Other Disappearance on
1,000+ Capacity Feedlots - United States: October 1, 2013 and 2014
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
---
                                        :          Number           :  Percent 
of  
                  Item                  :---------------------------:           
   
                                        :    2013     :    2014     :previous 
year 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
---
                                        :   ---- 1,000 head ----        percent 
   
                                        :                                       
   
On feed September 1 ....................:    9,876         9,799           99   
   
Placed on feed during September ........:    1,988         2,007          101   
   
Fed cattle marketed during September ...:    1,692         1,683           99   
   
Other disappearance during September ...:       62            65          105   
   
On feed October 1 ......................:   10,110        10,058           99   
   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
---

Number of Cattle on Feed, Placements, Marketings, and Other Disappearance on
1,000+ Capacity Feedlots - United States: September 1, 2013 and 2014
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
---
                                        :          Number           :  Percent 
of  
                  Item                  :---------------------------:           
   
                                        :    2013     :    2014     :previous 
year 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
---
                                        :   ---- 1,000 head ----        percent 
   
                                        :                                       
   
On feed August 1 .......................:   10,025         9,837           98   
   
Placed on feed during August ...........:    1,772         1,720           97   
   
Fed cattle marketed during August ......:    1,871         1,692           90   
   
Other disappearance during August ......:       50            66          132   
   
On feed September 1 ....................:    9,876         9,799           99   
   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
---

Number on Feed by Class on 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots - United States:
October 1, 2013 and 2014
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
---
                                        :          Number           :  Percent 
of  
                  Item                  :---------------------------:           
   
                                        :    2013     :    2014     :previous 
year 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
---
                                        :    ---- 1,000 Head ---        percent 
   
                                        :                                       
   
Class on Feed October 1                 :                                       
   
  Steers and Steer Calves ..............:    6,411         6,460          101   
   
  Heifers and Heifer Calves ............:    3,659         3,547           97   
   
  Cows and Bulls .......................:       40            51          128   
   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
---

Number of Cattle on Feed on 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots by Month - States and 
United States:
2013 and 2014
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------------
                  :                 :                 :              October 1, 
2014               
                  :                 :                 
:--------------------------------------------
       State      : October 1, 2013 :September 1, 2014:              :  Percent 
of  :  Percent of  
                  :                 :                 :    Number    :previous 
year :previous month
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------------
                  :     --------------- 1,000 head --------------          
----- percent ----      
                  :                                                             
                   
Arizona ..........:        268               257              252           94  
           98      
California .......:        495               415              415           84  
          100      
Colorado .........:        870               800              840           97  
          105      
Idaho ............:        210               180              205           98  
          114      
Iowa .............:        550               580              560          102  
           97      
Kansas ...........:      2,000             1,950            2,010          101  
          103      
Minnesota ........:        103               113              114          111  
          101      
Nebraska .........:      2,200             2,130            2,240          102  
          105      
Oklahoma .........:        285               245              245           86  
          100      
South Dakota .....:        180               185              190          106  
          103      
Texas ............:      2,450             2,450            2,470          101  
          101      
Washington .......:        184               199              212          115  
          107      
                  :                                                             
                   
Other States .....:        315               295              305           97  
          103      
                  :                                                             
                   
United States ....:     10,110             9,799           10,058           99  
          103      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------------

Number of Cattle Placed on Feed on 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots by Month - States 
and
United States: 2013 and 2014
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------
                  :              :              :           During September 
2014            
                  :    During    :    During    
:--------------------------------------------
       State      :September 2013: August 2014  :              :  Percent of  : 
 Percent of  
                  :              :              :    Number    :previous year 
:previous month
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------
                  :    ------------ 1,000 head -----------           ----- 
percent ----      
                  :                                                             
             
Arizona ..........:       23             21             20            87        
     95      
California .......:       45             40             43            96        
    108      
Colorado .........:      190            145            200           105        
    138      
Idaho ............:       62             33             64           103        
    194      
Iowa .............:       89             63             99           111        
    157      
Kansas ...........:      390            410            400           103        
     98      
Minnesota ........:       17             15             20           118        
    133      
Nebraska .........:      510            425            520           102        
    122      
Oklahoma .........:       67             50             55            82        
    110      
South Dakota .....:       43             30             50           116        
    167      
Texas ............:      470            410            445            95        
    109      
Washington .......:       37             44             46           124        
    105      
                  :                                                             
             
Other States .....:       45             34             45           100        
    132      
                  :                                                             
             
United States ....:    1,988          1,720          2,007           101        
    117      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------

Number of Cattle Placed on Feed by Weight Group on 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots by 
Month -
States and United States: 2013 and 2014
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--------
                  :                          During September                   
        
                  
:---------------------------------------------------------------------
       State      :Under 600 lbs: 600-699 lbs : 700-799 lbs :  800+ lbs   :    
Total    
                  
:---------------------------------------------------------------------
                  : 2013 : 2014 : 2013 : 2014 : 2013 : 2014 : 2013 : 2014 : 
2013 : 2014 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--------
                  :                             1,000 head                      
        
                  :                                                             
        
Colorado .........:  35     35     20     20     50     45     85    100     
190    200 
Kansas ...........:  70     70     85     80    120    115    115    135     
390    400 
Nebraska .........:  75     75     70     65    105     95    260    285     
510    520 
Texas ............: 180    170    110    115    110    100     70     60     
470    445 
                  :                                                             
        
Other States .....: 105    110     50     60     90     82    183    190     
428    442 
                  :                                                             
        
United States ....: 465    460    335    340    475    437    713    770   
1,988  2,007 

                  
:---------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :                            During August                    
        
                  
:---------------------------------------------------------------------
       State      :Under 600 lbs: 600-699 lbs : 700-799 lbs :  800+ lbs   :    
Total    
                  
:---------------------------------------------------------------------
                  : 2013 : 2014 : 2013 : 2014 : 2013 : 2014 : 2013 : 2014 : 
2013 : 2014 
                  
:---------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :                             1,000 head                      
        
                  :                                                             
        
Colorado .........:  25     30     20     15     45     35     55     65     
145    145 
Kansas ...........:  65     75     80     80    115    110    120    145     
380    410 
Nebraska .........:  55     55     65     50    100     95    220    225     
440    425 
Texas ............: 175    170    115     95     95     85     55     60     
440    410 
                  :                                                             
        
Other States .....:  85     80     47     40     70     70    165    140     
367    330 
                  :                                                             
        
United States ....: 405    410    327    280    425    395    615    635   
1,772  1,720 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--------

Number of Cattle Marketed on 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots by Month - States and 
United States:
2013 and 2014
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------
                  :              :              :           During September 
2014            
                  :    During    :    During    
:--------------------------------------------
       State      :September 2013: August 2014  :              :  Percent of  : 
 Percent of  
                  :              :              :    Number    :previous year 
:previous month
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------
                  :    ------------ 1,000 head -----------           ----- 
percent ----      
                  :                                                             
             
Arizona ..........:       20             25             24           120        
     96      
California .......:       53             40             38            72        
     95      
Colorado .........:      145            150            155           107        
    103      
Idaho ............:       41             37             38            93        
    103      
Iowa .............:       87             80            114           131        
    143      
Kansas ...........:      355            345            325            92        
     94      
Minnesota ........:       14             17             18           129        
    106      
Nebraska .........:      390            440            400           103        
     91      
Oklahoma .........:       60             44             54            90        
    123      
South Dakota .....:       32             34             42           131        
    124      
Texas ............:      430            415            410            95        
     99      
Washington .......:       36             33             32            89        
     97      
                  :                                                             
             
Other States .....:       29             32             33           114        
    103      
                  :                                                             
             
United States ....:    1,692          1,692          1,683            99        
     99      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------

Other Disappearance on 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots by Month - States and United 
States:
2013 and 2014
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------
                  :              :              :           During September 
2014            
                  :    During    :    During    
:--------------------------------------------
       State      :September 2013: August 2014  :              :  Percent of  : 
 Percent of  
                  :              :              :    Number    :previous year 
:previous month
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------
                  :      ---------- 1,000 head ----------            ----- 
percent ----      
                  :                                                             
             
Arizona ..........:       1              1              1            100        
    100      
California .......:       2              5              5            250        
    100      
Colorado .........:       5              5              5            100        
    100      
Idaho ............:       1              1              1            100        
    100      
Iowa .............:       2              3              5            250        
    167      
Kansas ...........:      15             15             15            100        
    100      
Minnesota ........:       1              1              1            100        
    100      
Nebraska .........:      10             15             10            100        
     67      
Oklahoma .........:       2              1              1             50        
    100      
South Dakota .....:       1              1              3            300        
    300      
Texas ............:      20             15             15             75        
    100      
Washington .......:       1              1              1            100        
    100      
                  :                                                             
             
Other States .....:       1              2              2            200        
    100      
                  :                                                             
             
United States ....:      62             66             65            105        
     98      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------

Number on Feed by Class on 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots by Quarter - States and 
United States:
2013 and 2014
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------------
                  : Steers and steer calves  :Heifers and heifer calves :    
Cows and bulls     
                  
:-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
       State      : Oct 1, : Jul 1, : Oct 1, : Oct 1, : Jul 1, : Oct 1, :Oct 1, 
:Jul 1, :Oct 1, 
                  :  2013  :  2014  :  2014  :  2013  :  2014  :  2014  : 2013  
: 2014  : 2014  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------------
                  :                                 1,000 Head                  
                
                  :                                                             
                
Arizona ..........:   261      268      249        7        4        3      0   
    0       0   
California .......:   450      390      365       44       42       50      1   
    3       0   
Colorado .........:   560      560      530      305      305      305      5   
    5       5   
Idaho ............:   115      101      112       90       88       88      5   
    1       5   
Iowa .............:   350      430      430      200      190      130      0   
    0       0   
Kansas ...........: 1,060      970    1,050      935      925      955      5   
    5       5   
Minnesota ........:    92       95       96       10       26       17      1   
    1       1   
Nebraska .........: 1,380    1,470    1,450      810      765      765     10   
   25      25   
Oklahoma .........:   190      170      165       95       85       80      0   
    0       0   
South Dakota .....:   104      113      104       67       80       78      9   
   17       8   
Texas ............: 1,530    1,580    1,590      919      909      879      1   
    1       1   
Washington .......:   109      107      119       72       85       92      3   
    1       1   
                  :                                                             
                
Other States .....:   210      210      200      105       99      105      0   
    1       0   
                  :                                                             
                
United States ....: 6,411    6,464    6,460    3,659    3,603    3,547     40   
   60      51   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------------

Terms and Definitions of Cattle on Feed Estimates

Cattle on feed are animals being fed a ration of grain, silage, hay and/or 
protein supplement for slaughter market that are expected to produce a 
carcass that will grade select or better. It excludes cattle being 
"backgrounded only" for later sale as feeders or later placement in another 
feedlot.

Placements are cattle put into a feedlot, fed a ration which will produce a 
carcass that will grade select or better, and are intended for the slaughter 
market.

Marketings are cattle shipped out of feedlots to a slaughter market.

Other disappearance includes death loss, movement from feedlots to pasture, 
and shipments to other feedlots for further feeding.

Reliability of Cattle on Feed Estimates

Survey Procedures: During January and July all known feedlots in the United 
States with capacity of 1,000 or more head are surveyed to provide data for 
cattle on feed estimates. During the other months, all known feedlots from 16 
States are surveyed. The 16 States account for approximately 98 percent of 
the cattle on feed in feedlots with capacity of 1,000 or more head. 
Individual State estimates are published monthly for 12 of the 16 States. 
Data collected from the remaining 4 States are used to establish the "Other 
States" estimates. These 4 States include Illinois, New Mexico, Oregon, and 
Wyoming. The "Other States" category represents all cattle on feed with a 
capacity of 1,000 or more head for the rest of the United States.

Estimating Procedures: These cattle on feed estimates were prepared by the 
Agricultural Statistics Board after reviewing recommendations and analysis 
submitted by each State office. Regional and State survey data were reviewed 
for reasonableness with each other and with estimates from the previous month 
when establishing the current estimates.

Revision Policy: Revisions to previous estimates are made to improve month to 
month relationships. Estimates for the previous month are subject to revision 
in all States each month when current estimates are made. In February, all 
monthly estimates for the previous year, and the number of feedlots and 
annual marketings from two years ago are reviewed and subject to revisions. 
The reviews are primarily based on slaughter data, state check-off or brand 
data, and any other data that may have been received after the original 
estimate was made. Estimates will also be reviewed after data from the Census 
of Agriculture are available. No revisions will be made after that date and 
estimates become final.

Reliability: Since all 1,000+ capacity cattle on feed operators in every 
State are not included in the monthly survey, survey estimates are subject to 
sampling variability. Survey results are also subject to non-sampling errors 
such as omissions, duplications, and mistakes in reporting, recording, and 
processing the data. The effects of these errors cannot be measured directly. 
They are minimized through rigid quality controls in the data collection 
process and through a careful review of all reported data for consistency and 
reasonableness.
 
To assist users in evaluating the reliability of estimates in this report, 
the "Root Mean Square Error" is shown for selected items in the table on the 
following page. The "Root Mean Square Error" is a statistical measure based 
on past performance and is computed using the differences between first and 
latest estimates. The "Root Mean Square Error" for cattle on feed inventory 
estimates over the past 24 months is 0.1 percent. This means that chances are 
2 out of 3 that the final estimate will not be above or below the current 
estimate of 10.1 million head by more than 0.1 percent. Chances are 9 out of 
10 that the difference will not exceed 0.2 percent.

The table on the following page shows a 24 month record of the range of 
differences between first and latest estimates for selected items. Using 
estimates of number on feed as an example, changes between the first estimate 
and the latest estimate during the past 24 months have averaged 9,000 head, 
ranging from 0 to 34,000 head. During this period the initial estimate has 
been above the latest estimate 8 times and has been below the latest estimate 
8 times. This does not imply that the initial estimate is likely to 
understate or overstate final inventory. 

Reliability of Monthly Cattle on Feed Estimates
[Based on data for the past 24 months]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------
                              :  Root mean   :  90 percent  :        Difference 
between first and latest estimate         
                              : square error :  confidence  :         :         
:         :               :               
                              :              :    level     
:-------------------------------------------------------------
             Item             :              :              :         :         
:         :            Months             
                              :              :              :         :         
:         :-------------------------------
                              :              :              : Average :Smallest 
: Largest : Below latest  : Above latest  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------
                              :   percent        percent        -------- 1,000 
-------            ----- number ----       
                              :                                                 
                                          
Number on feed ...............:     0.1            0.2           9         0    
    34            8               8       
                              :                                                 
                                          
Placements ...................:     1.7            2.9          18         0    
    88            3              14       
                              :                                                 
                                          
Marketings ...................:     1.5            2.5          17         0    
    67            0              13       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------

Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity specialists in the Livestock 
Branch of the National Agricultural Statistics Service to 
contact for additional information. E-mail inquiries may be sent 
to nass@nass.usda.gov.

Dan Kerestes, Chief, Livestock Branch ........... (202) 720-3570

Scott Hollis, Head, Livestock Section ........... (202) 690-2424
   Travis Averill - Cattle, Cattle on Feed ...... (202) 720-3040
   Sherry Bertramsen - Livestock Slaughter ...... (202) 720-3240
   Doug Bounds - Hogs and Pigs .................. (202) 720-3106
   Donnie Fike - Dairy Products ................. (202) 690-3236
   Mike Miller - Milk Production and Milk Cows .. (202) 720-3278
   Evan Schulz - Sheep and Goats ................ (202) 720-6147

Access to NASS Reports

For your convenience, you may access NASS reports and products the following 
ways:

 All reports are available electronically, at no cost, on the NASS web 
site: http://www.nass.usda.gov

 Both national and state specific reports are available via a free e-
mail subscription. To set-up this free subscription, visit 
http://www.nass.usda.gov and in the "Follow NASS" box under "Receive 
reports by Email," click on "National" or "State" to select the reports 
you would like to receive. 

For more information on NASS surveys and reports, call the NASS Agricultural 
Statistics Hotline at (800) 727-9540, 7:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. ET, or e-mail: 
nass@nass.usda.gov. 
  
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination against 
its customers, employees, and applicants for employment on the basis of race, 
color, national origin, age, disability, sex, gender identity, religion, 
reprisal, and where applicable, political beliefs, marital status, familial 
or parental status, sexual orientation, or all or part of an individual's 
income is derived from any public assistance program, or protected genetic 
information in employment or in any program or activity conducted or funded 
by the Department. (Not all prohibited bases will apply to all programs 
and/or employment activities.) 
If you wish to file a Civil Rights program complaint of discrimination, 
complete the USDA Program Discrimination Complaint Form (PDF), found online 
at http://www.ascr.usda.gov/complaint_filing_cust.html, or at any USDA 
office, or call (866) 632-9992 to request the form. You may also write a 
letter containing all of the information requested in the form. Send your 
completed complaint form or letter to us by mail at U.S. Department of 
Agriculture, Director, Office of Adjudication, 1400 Independence Avenue, 
S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-9410, by fax (202) 690-7442 or email at 
program.intake@usda.gov.
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